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Naja. a genus of venomous elapid snakes comprising the true cobras. (Also, German for "Well" at the beginning of a sentence.)

Naja is a full-featured JS client-side AJAX library for Nette Framework.

It is written using modern-day JavaScript, but compiled into ES5 build that comes bundled with a few polyfills and thus should work on all modern browsers including IE 10 and above.

Sauce Test Status

iOS builds might be grey, but please don't panic, iOS is fully supported. This is just Saucelabs not being able to setup the test environment for iOS within a generous limit of 2 minutes, causing the jobs to time out occasionally.

Very quick start

$ npm install --save naja
import naja from 'naja';
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', naja.initialize.bind(naja));


You can find the documentation here.

  • 2.0.0.-alpha.2 2.0.0-alpha.2

  • 1.8.3 1.8.3

    • Made support for submitting forms via GET even more reliable.
  • 1.8.2 1.8.2

    • Fixed submitting forms via GET (#63).
  • 1.8.1 1.8.1

    • Reverted a commit that got into 1.8.0 as a result of a brain fart.
  • 1.8.0 1.8.0

    • SnippetHandler events now have the fromCache flag. The beforeUpdate and afterUpdate events now carry the information about whether the snippet is being updated from cache after user navigation (i.e. going back in history), or as a result of an AJAX request to the server.
    • RedirectHandler detects local redirects via UIHandler.allowedOrigins. Until now, redirects leading to the same origin were done via another AJAX request (unless forced otherwise). This detection now takes into account the configured allowed origins, which means that redirects to any of the allowed origins is processed asynchronously by default.
    • RedirectHandler dispatches the redirect event prior to redirection. This event allows you to override the soft vs. hard redirection settings, or even entirely prevent the redirection from happening.
  • 2.0.0-alpha.1 2.0.0-alpha1

  • 1.7.0 1.7.0

    • Deprecate reading options from response payload (#44). After some thought, I consider passing options such as replaceHistory or forceRedirect to Naja via the response payload to be a cul-de-sac; server should not be able to affect the client-side processing of the request in such direct way. Therefore, Naja now emits a deprecation warning if it encounters such options in the payload, and will stop supporting them in 2.0.

    • RedirectHandler: pass original options to the new "redirection" request (#45). If the target redirection URL is local (i.e. relative, or absolute pointing to the same origin), RedirectHandler sends another AJAX request instead of redirecting. Since redirect sequences are usually perceived as a single request, Naja now mimics such flow by passing the options of the original request to the redirected request, so that the intended behaviour of the request is preserved.

  • 1.6.0 1.6.0

    • Refactor UIHandler and FormsHandler to only rebind updated snippets (#19). This is a simple internal refactoring which could lead to a better performance. As a side effect, the UIHandler now exposes the bindUI() method which you can use to manually bind the AJAX handler to DOM nodes that are created dynamically via a different mechanism than Nette snippets.

    • Accept defaultOptions in naja.initialize() (#24). The naja.initialize() method now accepts defaultOptions, adding a second way to configure them in addition to modyfing naja.defaultOptions directly. The default options passed to the initialize method are also provided to the init event listeners.

    • HistoryHandler: implement disabling UI cache (#17). This is an advanced feature that entirely disables the UI state cache; this helps prevent errors caused by big snippets that exceed the maximum storage quota. During navigation through the browser history, requests are actually sent again rather than artificially replayed from the history entry state. Be sure that you know what you're doing before using this feature.

    • Optimized SnippetHandler prepend/append (#20). Thanks @vitkutny!

  • 1.5.1 1.5.1

    • Fixed: HistoryHandler now respects naja.defaultOptions.history and does not override it to true when data-naja-history attribute is not set on the element. (Thanks @brosland for investigation!)
  • 1.5.0 1.5.0

    • FormsHandler now optionally accepts a reference to nette-forms (#15). This is handy if you import the nette-forms script manually. If you provide the reference, FormsHandler will use it instead of relying on global window.Nette.
  • 1.4.0 1.4.0

    • Added UIHandler.clickElement() and UIHandler.submitForm() helper methods (#12) that allow you to dispatch UI-bound events manually. This is especially useful if you need to submit a form programmatically (e.g. on change of select box), because form.submit() does not trigger the form's submit event.
      • ⚠️ The helper methods trigger the interaction event with originalEvent set to undefined. This potentially breaks BC if you choose to use the newly introduced methods!
    • Simplified initial pop detection (#10). It doesn't appear to be a problem anymore, but in browsers where it still is a problem (some ancient Chromes and Safaris), this solution should work too while being elegantly simple. As a side effect, this should also prevent popstate behaviour in HistoryHandler being triggered on hashchange.
      • ⚠️ This also removes a few attributes from HistoryHandler that are no longer necessary: initialUrl, initialState, and popped. They were part of the internal API and were never documented, thus I don't consider their removal to be a BC break.
  • 1.3.2 1.3.2

    • Fixed incorrect data-naja-snippet-prepend and data-naja-snippet-append attributes detection in SnippetHandler
  • 1.3.1 1.3.1

    • Fixed incorrect data-naja-history-nocache attribute detection in HistoryHandler (#8, thanks @dakur)
  • 1.3.0 1.3.0

    • You can provide default options for your extensions or even Naja's core components via naja.defaultOptions.
    • The options object is now passed to the success, error, and complete event handlers. Components and extensions can now use the options object to pass metadata along with the request instead of having to keep track of them internally, which should prevent potential concurrency issues.
    • RedirectHandler reads the forceRedirect flag not only from response payload but also from options.
  • 1.2.0 1.2.0

    • SnippetHandler now exposes events that are dispatched prior to and after every snippet update.
    • I got rid of an unnecessary layer of inheritance in a small internal refactoring.
  • 1.1.0 1.1.0

    • Initialization of core services was refactored to allow for further changes.
    • The Promise returned by naja.makeRequest() is resolved with the parsed response body, or rejected with the thrown error. This allows you to chain custom behavior after the response is processed by Naja when calling makeRequest() manually.
    • Aborted requests are handled in a specific abort event. They no longer trigger error handling, as the reasons for aborting the request usually do not indicate an erroneous state.
    • The bound selector (.ajax) is now customizable via naja.uiHandler.selector.
    • To prevent people from shooting themselves in the foot, UIHandler now checks that the link target matches a set of allowed origins, and does not dispatch the asynchronous request if it does not match. You can configure the allowed origins by pushing them to naja.uiHandler.allowedOrigins.
    • Browser history manipulation can be disabled for specific requests by adding history: false to the request options, or data-naja-history="off" to the .ajax element.
    • Also, you can now decide on the front-end side whether you want to push a new state, or replace the current one, by adding history: 'replace' to the options or data-naja-history="replace" to the element.
    • Tests now run in real browsers via SauceLabs, so that there's a better guarantee that IE 10+ is actually supported. 🎉

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